Mosses and liverworts (= Bryophytes)

Mosses and liverworts(together known as Bryophytes) are small green flowerless plants of damp places that reproduce by spores. Unlike Ferns (and allies) they do not have well developed vascular (water conducting systems) so remain only a few cm tall at most.

Some typical Mosses and Liverworts are shown in the three rows immediately below this. Below that are three rows of Ferns (and fern allies)

Except for Liverworts (key pending), Mosses (separated into Sphagnums - "Bog-mosses", and other Mosses) are keyed out here using Multiaccess Keys (based on the Field Studies Council "Identikit" template) to some of the more common species). Note that these are still under development and any suggestions for improvement would be welcomed:

Notes for use of Multiaccess key:
1. Choose any characters that are clear on your sample, but be aware that the correct species may only be among the nearly top-ranked species
2. The clearest output is obtained by changing option at top to One-column key
3. Hovering mouse over character name often gives more information, hovering over species shows photos if available
4. Clicking on a species gives more information
5. Where multiple options are available choose as many as you think might apply
6. The standard version of the key can also be used for mobile devices used in 'landscape' mode


are grouped into Sphagnums and Other Mosses which are keyed out separately:

Row 1: Sphagnum (Sphagnales or "Bog-mosses") (32 species)

To access a Multi-access Key for sphagnum - Click here

To access a Multi-access Key for sphagnum (Mobile version)- Click here

Row 2: Other Mosses (260 species) (compare Liverworts below)

To access a MULTI_ACCESS Key for mosses - Click here

To access a MULTI_ACCESS Key for mosses (Mobile version) - Click here

Row 3 :


Although not keyed out further here, Liverworts are divided into

or Leafy-liverworts:

See also

Ferns and fern allies (Pteridophytes).