Veronicaceae . . . . . Speedwell family

Previously within:     Scophulariaceae,    which also included:   Orobanchaceae,    Veronicaceae    and     Phrymacaceae.

Choose flower colour from:


Blue and purple:

Veronica
Linaria
Ivy-lvd Toadflax
Hebe
Note that flower shape is somewhat similar in:
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Orobanchaceae
Orobanchaceae

Red-pink:

Weasel's snout
Foxglove
Moneywort
Fairy foxglove
Toadflax
Note that flower shape is somewhat similar in:
Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Orobanchaceae
Orobanchaceae

Yellow flowers

Toadflax
Sharp-leaved fluellen
Yellow foxglove
Toadflax

Trailing snapdragon

Note that flower shape is somewhat similar in:
Lamiaceae
Orobanchaceae
Orobanchaceae
Orobanchaceae

White or white-ish:

Veronicaceae
Veronicaceae
Cornish moneywort
American speedwell

Note that flower shape is somewhat similar in:
Scophulariaceae
Lamiaceae
Orobanchaceae
Orobanchaceae


Veronicaceae/Antirrhinum . . . . Snapdragon


Antirrhinum majus . . . . Snapdragon

Garden escape

Veronicaceae/Asarina . . . . Trailing snapdragon


Asarina procumbens . . . Trailing snapdragon

Naturalised on scattered walls in BI

Veronicaceae/Cymbalaria . . . . Toadflax


Cymbalaria muralis . . . Ivy-leaved toadflax

Frequent on walls over most of BI

Veronicaceae/Digitalis . . . . Foxgloves


Digitalis lutea . . . Straw foxglove

Scattered esp. in S as garden escape

Digitalis purpurea . . . Foxglove

Common throughout BI in woodland clearings and heaths

Veronicaceae/Erinus . . . . Fairy foxglove


Erinus alpinus . . . Fairy foxglove

Naturalised on walls

Veronicaceae/Kickxia . . . . Sharp-leaved fluellen


Kickxia elatine . . . Sharp-leaved fluellen

Arable fields in S Br and CI

K. spuria is a similar species found in similar places but with round leaves

Veroniaceae/Linaria . . . . . Snapdragons


Choose from:

Linaria purpurea
L. repens
L. vulgaris
L. maroccana
Cymbalaria

See also:


Linaria maroccana . . . . Annual toadflax

Distinguished by spur longer than rest of flower; Casual, scattered in Br and CI

Linaria purpurea . . . Purple toadflax

Often occurs as a garden weed and on rough ground

Linaria repens . . . Pale toadflax

A rather scattered distribution on rough ground banks and walls

Linaria vulgaris . . . Common toadflax

Common exc. C & N Sc

Veronicaceae/Misopates . . . . . Weasel's snout; lesser toadflax


Misopates orontium . . . Weasel's snout

Very locally frequent in damp places in CI, S Br and W Ire

Veronicaceae/Sibthorpia . . . . . Cornish moneywort


Sibthorpia europaea . . . Cornish moneywort

Very locally frequent in damp places in CI, S Br and W Ire

See also:

Veronicaceae/Veronica. . . . Speedwells


Choose speedwells by habitat and flower form:

       Wetland plants,    Mountain plants,    or    Meadow/woodland plants


Or by leaf shape:
        Leaf shape    


Wetland speedwells - choose from:-


Mountain speedwells - choose from:-


Speedwells of meadows, woods, gardens, etc.:-

Single fls in each lf axil:


Racemes of several fls in each axil:


Fls in terminal heads or racemes without normal lvs between fls:


Speedwells - by leaf shape:-       Entire (+/- untoothed)    or    Toothed


Entire (+/- untoothed) lvs:

Lvs toothed:

Veronica alpina . . . Alpine speedwell

Local on damp rocks above c. 500m in C Sc; fruit longer than wide, flower <10 mm (c.f. V. fruticans)

Veronica anagallis-aquatica . . . Blue water-speedwell

Locally common by ponds and streams

Veronica arvensis . . . Wall speedwell

Common on walls, banks, cultivated areas, etc.; stems often densely hairy, usually tiny with flowers 2-3mm

Veronica beccabunga . . . Brooklime

Common in streams and river banks

Veronica catenata . . . Pink water-speedwell

Locally common in open muddy places in En, Wa and Ire

Veronica chamaedrys . . . Germander speedwell

Bright blue flowers 8-12 mm with two dense lines of hairs down opposite sides of stem (see 4th picture- some other spp. have weak lines)

Veronica filiformis . . . Slender speedwell

Single fls on stalks >2x length of leaves + petioles; naturalised on grassy paths etc. throughout BI

Veronica fruticans . . . Rock speedwell

Very local near tops of base-rich mountains in C Sc; Note the red eye-ring, flowers >10mm

Veronica hederifolia . . . . . Ivy-leaved speedwell

A common early-flowering plant; sometimes split into 2 subspp. - subsp. hederifolia (pic 2) with dark anthers and - subsp. lucorum (pic. 4) with smaller fls (<6mm) and pale anthers

Veronica montana . . . Wood speedwell

Locally frequent in damp woods

Veronica officinalis . . . Heath speedwell

V. serpyllifolia is +/-hairless with fls in terminal racemes, V. officinale is hairy with >12 fls in each axillary raceme

Veronica peregrina . . . American speedwell

A scattered weed of gardens

Veronica persica . . . Field speedwell

Single bright blue flowers in each leaf axil; widely naturalised in cultivated and waste ground

See also V. polita

Veronica polita . . . Grey field speedwell

Single bright blue flowers in each leaf axil; frequent exc. in Sc and Ire

Similar is V. agrestis with paler fls with lower half white and only glandular hairs on fruit (Green field speedwell); frequent across BI.
See also V. persica

Veronica praecox . . . Breckland speedwell

This and the similar spp. below have fls in a terminal raceme; rare on sandy soils in E Anglia

Other similar rare E. Anglian spp. are V. triphyllos (Fingered speedwell) and V. verna (Spring speedwell)

Veronica scutellata . . . Marsh speedwell

Locally frequent in marshes and wet meadows

Veronica serpyllifolia . . . Thyme-leaved speedwell

V. serpyllifolia is +/-hairless (or v. short hairs) with fls in terminal racemes, V. officinale is hairy with >12 fls in each axillary raceme (see RH picture for comparison)
V. serpyllifolia & V. officinalis


Veronica serpyllifolia ssp humifusa . . . . Mountain speedwell

A distinct form in ; most of flowering stems prostrate; fewer than 12 flowers per shoot

Veronica spicata . . . Spiked speedwell

Short grassland on limestone with separate subspp. recognised in the W and the E

Veronica x franciscana . . . . Hedge hebe or Hedge veronica

Commonly planted and escapes naturalised esp. by the sea in the S & W of Br and Ire; colour ranges from white thro' pink to blue

A number of other +/-woody 'Hebes' are widely planted and can escape