Orobanchaceae

Other related families: Scrophulariaceae, Veronicaceae and Phrymacaceae.


Choose flower colour from:


Blue and purple:

Broomrape
Toothwort

Note that flower shape is somewhat similar in:

Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae
Veronicaceae

Red-pink:

Lousewort
Bartsia
Broomrape
Eyebright
Toothwort
Field Cow-wheat

Note that flower shape is somewhat similar in:

Lamiaceae
Lamiaceae

Yellow flowers

Yellow Rattle
Yellow Bartsia
Cow-wheats
Cow-wheats

Note that flower shape is somewhat similar in:


White or whiteish flowers:

Eyebrights
Toothwort

Note that flower shape is somewhat similar in : Lamiaceae

          


Orobanchaceae.


Orobanchaceae/Bartsia . . . . . Bartsia

Bartsia alpina . . . . Alpine bartsia

Local on mountains in W Sc and N En (flower from:Enrico Blasuto, Wikimedia commons)

Orobanchaceae/Euphrasia . . . . . Eyebrights

Euphrasia spp. . . . . Eyebrights

Eyebrights are often divided into many spp. (Stace 2010 gives 19 and many hybrids) - here just a few examples are shown.

Orobanchaceae/Lathraea . . . . . Toothwort


Lathraea clandestina . . . . Purple Toothwort

Introduced parasite; scattered in BI

Lathraea squamaria . . . . Toothwort

Native parasite esp. of hazel and elm, scattered cross BI, rarer in Sc; April flowering

Orobanchaceae/Melampyrum . . . . Cow-wheats


Select from:

Melampyrum pratense
Melampyrum sylvaticum
Melampyrum arvense
Common Cow-wheat
Small Cow-wheat
Field Cow-wheat

Comparison of M. Pratense (Left hand-side) and M. sylvaticum (RHS) side-by-side, showing the shorter/darker flowers of M. sylvaticum:

Melamprum arvense . . . . Field Cow-wheat

Rare in S

Melamprum pratense . . . . Common Cow-wheat

Widespread in woods and heathland

Melamprum sylvaticum . . . . Small Cow-wheat

Very local in damp woods by streams at about 20 sites in Sc

Possibly similar spp. :


Orobanchaceae/Odontites . . . . . Red Bartsia


Odontites vernus . . . . Bartsia

Widespread - no attempt is made here to distinguish the subspp. that have been recognised

Orobanchaceae/Orobanche . . . . Broomrapes


Choose from:

Phelipanche purpurea
Orobanche minor
Orobanche hederae
Orobanche rapum-genistae

There are several other spp. in the BI

Orobanche minor . . . . Common Broomrape

Two calyx teeth each side of flower; 2 generally purple stigmas; the commonest broomrape


See also:
Phelipanche

Orobanche hederae . . . . Ivy Broomrape

Corolla pale with faint purple veins; stigmas usually yellow, sometimes purple

Local in CI, S & W Br, Ire

Orobanche rapum-genistae . . . . Greater Broomrape

Two calyx teeth each side of flower; 2 yellow stigmas; very local CI, N to S Sc


Orobanchaceae/Parentucellia . . . . Yellow Bartsia


Parentucellia viscosa . . . . . Yellow Bartsia

Locally frequent in S & W Br, Ire and CI

See also:


Orobanchaceae/Pedicularis . . . . Louseworts


Pedicularis palustris . . . . Marsh Lousewort

Common in marshes in N & W; the usually erect stems distinguish this from P. sylvatica

Pedicularis sylvatica . . . . Lousewort

In slightly drier habitats than the above and more wiespread

See also:


Phelipanche (was included in Orobanche). . . . Yarrow Broomrape


Phelipanche purpurea . . . . Yarrow Broomrape

Two calyx teeth and one bracteole each side of flower; 2 white stigmas; very local CI and S


Orobanchaceae/Rhinanthus . . . . . Rattles


Orobanchaceae/Rhinanthus minor . . . . Yellow Rattle

Many subspp. have been recognised but may be usefully considered together

Orobanchaceae/Rhinanthus angustifolius . . . . Greater Yellow-rattle

Rare

See also: