Gymnosperms


Note that only Juniper, Scots Pine and Yew are native - Some typical spp. shown


Needles in clumps (2-5)
Needles deciduous in clumps >10
Needles evergreen in clumps >10
Lvs tapered at tip and base, borne on short persistent pegs
Pines, Pinus
Larch, Larix
Cedars, Cedrus
Spruce, Picea

Needles single, sessile
Needles tapered at base & tip
Cone with three-pointed bracts
Leaves in threes, not appressed
Firs, Abies
Yew, Taxus
Douglas fir, Tseudotsuga
Juniper, Juniperus

Flat lvs in one plane
Flat lvs in one plane
Flat lvs, deciduous
Lvs variable sizes
Redwood, Metasequoia
Coast redwood, Sequoia
Taxodium
Western Hemlock Tsuga

Giant redwood, Sequoiadendron
Red cedar, Thuja
Leylandii, Cupressus
Cypress, Cupressus,

Cupressus
Cupressus,
Athrotaxis
Cryptomeria

See also:
Tamarisk


Cupressaceae


Cupressaceae/Athrotaxis . . . . . Pencil Pine

Athrotaxis laxifolia . . . . Pencil pine


Cupressaceae/Calocedrus . . . . . Incense Cedar

Calocedrus decumbens . . . . Incense Cedar


Cupressaceae/Cryptomeria . . . . . Japanese Cedar

Cryptomeria japonica . . . . Japanese Cedar


Cupressaceae/Cupressus . . . . . Cupressus


Cupressus lawsoniana (was Cupressus lawsoniana). . . . Lawson Cypress

Widely planted

Cupressus macrocarpa . . . . Monterey Cypress


Cupressaceae/Cupressuss pisifera (was Chamaecyparis pisifera). . . . Sawara Cypress

Planted in parks, rarely self-seeded

Cupressus x leylandii (was Cupressocyparis x leylandii). . . . Leyland Cypress

Widespread hedge can grow v. large

Cupressaceae/Juniperus . . . . . Juniper

Juniperus communis . . . . Juniper

Scattered esp. in mountain areas in NW, Lakes, N Wa and W Ire

Cupressaceae/Metasequoia . . . . . Dawn Redwood

Metasequoia glyptostroboides . . . . Dawn Redwood

Deciduous tree

Cupressaceae/Sequoia . . . . . Coast Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens . . . . Coast Redwood


Cupressaceae/Sequoiadendron . . . . . Giant Redwood

Sequoiadendron giganteum . . . . Giant Redwood


Cupressaceae/Taxodium . . . . . Swamp Cypress

Taxodium distichum . . . . Swamp Cypress

Grows in v. wet places with thick aerial roots

Cupressaceae/Thuja . . . . . Western Red-cedar

Thuja plicata . . . . Western Red-cedar


Cupressaceae/Tsuga . . . . . Hemlock

Tsuga heterophylla . . . . Western Hemlock

Characteristic variable sized leaves


Pinaceae


Pinaceae/Abies . . . . . Firs

Firs have singly inserted slightly flattened lvs, generally upward curved; many spp. planted

Abies fraserii . . . . Fraser Fir


Abies homolepis . . . . Nikko Fir


Abies procera . . . . Noble Fir

Branches largely in horizontal planes

Pinaceae/Cedrus . . . . . Firs


Cedrus atlantica . . . . Atlantic Cedar

Leaves <3cm, tapering gradually to a 0.5 mm translucent tip (cf C. libani which has rapidly tapering lvs)

Cedrus deodara . . . . Deodar Cedar

Tip of tree hanging, lvs >3cm

Pinaceae/Larix . . . . . Larch

Larix decidua . . . . European Larch

Deciduous

Pinaceae/Picea . . . . . Spruces

Picea abies . . . . Norway Spruce

Old-fashioned christmas tree; needles softer and less sharp than P. sitchensis; compare cones in pic3

Picea breweriana . . . . Brewer's Spruce


Picea sitchensis . . . . Sitka Spruce

Needles very sharp and whitish; compare cones with P. abies in pic3

Pinaceae/Pinus . . . . . Pines


Pinus contorta . . . . Lodgepole Pine

Frequent forestry tree; needles twisted

Pinus nigra . . . . Corsican Pine

Long needles (>8cm); widely planted - straight trunk dark brown all the way up

Pinus radiata . . . . Monterey Pine

Leaves in 3s; commonly planted in CI, SW En and W Wa

Pinus sylvestris . . . . Scots Pine

The only native pine; characteristic orange to upper parts of trunk; needles in pairs

A number of other spp. are widely planted

Pinaceae/Pseudotsuga . . . . . Douglas Firs

Pseudotsuga menziesii . . . . Douglas Fir

Widely planted - readily recognised from the 3-toothed bracts on the cones

Taxaceae . . . . . Yews


Taxaceae/Taxus . . . . . Yew

Taxus baccata . . . . Yew

Native especially on basic soils in S; now occurs over most BI exc. N Sc

Taxodiaceae

See Cupressaceae