Betulaceae . . . . Birches

Select Genus from the images below :

Alders
Birches
Hazel
Hornbeam

or select from leaf shape:

A. cordata
A. incana
A. glutinosa
Carpinus
B. pubescens
B. pendula
B. nana
Corylus

Alnus . . . Alders


Alnus cordata . . . . . Italian Alder


Alnus glutinosa . . . . . Alder

The characteristic fruits remaining for much of the year distinguish from hazel; flat ended lvs

Alnus incana . . . . . Grey Alder

Leaves pointed; A. x pubescens is hybrid between this and A. cordata
A. incana
A. incana
A. x pubescens
      see also:

Betula . . . . . Birches

B. pubescens has EVEN teeth, B. pendula has jagged teeth on the leaf

B. pubescens
B pendula
B. utilis
B. nana

Betula pendula . . . . . Birch

Throughout BI on heathland, the commoner sp in the S and E (almost absent from NW Sc and W Ire); lvs with jagged uneven teeth; fruits rather like catkins (1st pic)

Betula pubescens . . . . . Downy Birch

Throughout BI, esp. in N and W, on wetter sites than B. pendula; lvs with even teeth

Betula utilis var. Jaquemontii . . . . . Himalayan Silver-birch

Widely planted as ornamental tree

Betula nana . . . . . Dwarf Birch

Small shrub to 1 m, on a few Scottish mountains only

Corylus . . . Hazel

Corylus avellana . . . Hazel


Carpinus . . .Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus . . . Hornbeam


Beech has rather similar leaves: